Mikró Vouní on the southwest coast , is the tell of the earliest prehistoric settlement of the island, inhabited from the beginning of Late Neolithic (ca. 5,500 BC; ) to the late Middle Bronze Age (ca. 1,600 BC;), with an occupation gap between ca. 3,800 and 2,950 BC.
The Middle Bronze 2 layers (19th-18th cent. BC) contained a number of clay administrative documents associated with the Minoan palace of Knossos. This Cretan involvement in the northeast Aegean was explained as the palace’s interest for the acquisition of metals. On these documents, the Minoan Linear A script and seal impressions bearing the first part of the hieroglyphic “Archanes Formula” appear; the latter was considered as an indication of the participation of a religious authority in the transactions implied by these documents.